Use of HAVING in English | English Speaking Course Day 61

Use of Having in English | English Speaking Course Day 61…
आज के इस वीडियो में आप Having के प्रयोग के बारे में बहुत कुछ सीखेंगे। बिना वीडियो देखे आप लिखे हुए कॉन्टेंन्ट को बिल्कुल नहीं समझ पायेंगे, इसलिए पहले वीडियो पूरी देख लीजिए।

Simple Sentences Category 2 का कोई भी Sentence जिसमें Has, Have, Had का प्रयोग किया जाता है जैसे कि – “पास होना (To possess)”, “भाई/बहन/दोस्त आदि होना (To have brother, sister, friend etc.)” या “में होना/के अन्दर होना (To be within); इन सभी sentences को “Having” के साथ भी बनाया जा सकता है। उदाहरण –

उसके पास लैपटॉप है।
He has a laptop. / He is having a laptop.

मेरे पास कुछ नहीं है।
I have nothing./ I am having nothing.

मेरे पास खाने के लिए एक सेब था।
I had an apple to eat. / I was having an apple to eat.

मेरे दो दोस्त हैं।
I have two friends. / I am having two friends.

इस कमरे में दो खिड़कियाँ  हैं।
This room has two doors. / This room is having two doors.

एक हफ्ते में सात दिन होते हैं।
A week has seven days. / A week is having seven days.

हर मोबाइल में एक डिस्प्ले होता है।
Every mobile has a display. / Every mobile is having a display.

मेरे पास अगले साल लैपटॉप होगा।
I will have a laptop next year. / I will be having a laptop next year.

उसके पास इस वक्त लैपटॉप होगा।
He would have a laptop right now. / He would be having a laptop right now.

किसी भी Tense का कोई भी Sentence जिसमें Has, Have, Had का प्रयोग किया जाता है जैसे कि – कर चुका होना (To have done the task) या किसी समय से कर रहा होना (To have been doing since/for a TIME); इन सभी sentences को “Having” के साथ कभी नहीं बनाया जा सकता। उदाहरण –

वो काम कर चुका है।
He has done the work.
He is having done the work. (ऐसे नहीं बना सकते।)

अन्य उदाहरणों के माध्यम से वीडियो में समझाया गया है।

  • I have done the work.
  • We had done the work.
  • He will have done the work by the evening.
  • He would have done the work by now.
  • He has been playing since morning.
  • They had been studying for 2 hours.
  • Tomorrow at 6 PM, I will have been playing for 3 hours.
  • He would have been playing for 3 hours.

Modal Verbs के निम्नलिखित वाक्यों को “Having” के साथ भी बनाया जा सकता है। क्यों? समझने के लिए वीडियो देखिए।

मुझे रोज़ स्कूल जाना पड़ता है।
I have to go to school daily. / I am having to go to school daily.

उसे स्टेज पर डाँस करना पड़ता है।
He has to dance on the stage. / He is having to dance on the stage.

उन्हें रोज़ यहाँ आना पड़ता था।
They had to come here daily. / They were having to come here daily.

मुझे उसके साथ खेलना पड़ रहा है।
I am having to play with him.

मुझे स्कूल जाना पड़ेगा।
I will have to go to school. / I will be having to go to school.

मुझे ऑफिस जाना पड़ता।
I would have to go to the office. / I would be having to go to the office.

उसके पास पैन होना चाहिए।
He should have a pen. / He should be having a pen.

आपके पास कैल्कुलेटर ज़रूर होना चाहिए।
You must have a calculator. / You must be having a calculator.

उसके पास कुछ पैसे हो सकते थे।
He could have some money. / He could be having some money.

लेकिन Modal Verbs के निम्नलिखित वाक्यों को “Having” के साथ नहीं बनाया जा सकता। ऐसा क्यों? समझने के लिए वीडियो देखिए।

उसे मुझे कॉल करना चाहिए था।
He should have called me.
He should be having called me. (ऐसे नहीं बना सकते।)

अन्य उदाहरणों के माध्यम से वीडियो में समझाया गया है।

  • He could have met you that day, but perhaps he didn’t want to.
  • He would have reached by now but his bike’s tyre has gone flat.
  • She might have seen you in the market.
  • He should have had a car.
  • Even, you could have had a house today but you never saved money.
  • If he had studied well, he would have had a good job today.

Have (As a main verb) –  खाना / पीना / लेना (Eat / Drink / Take)

मैं अंगूर खा रहा हूँ।
I am eating grapes./
I am having grapes.

वो पानी पी रही है।
She is drinking water./
She is having water.

मैं सभी सेब खा चुका हूँ।
I have eaten all the apples./
I have had all the apples.

वो खाना खा चुका है।
He has eaten the food./
He has had the food.

हमने रैस्ट्राँ में डिनर किया।
We ate dinner at a restaurant./

We had dinner at a restaurant.

उसने दो ग्लास पानी पिया।
She drank two glasses of water./
She had two glasses of water.

मैंने 11 बजे जूस पी लिया है।
I have taken juice at 11 o’clock./
I have had juice at 11 o’clock.

उसने कल खाना नहीं खाया।
He did not eat the food yesterday./
He did not have the food yesterday.

वो अपनी दवाईयाँ समय पे ले चुका है।
He has taken his medicines on time./
He has had his medicines on time.

Having + V3

कोई काम करने के बाद ( Koi kaam karne ke baad)

उससे मिलने के बाद, मैं ऑफिस से निकला।
After meeting him, I left the office./
Having met him, I left the office.

फिल्म देखने के बाद, मैंने डिनर किया।
After watching the film, I had dinner./
Having watched the film, I had dinner.

इस किताब को पढ़ने के बाद, मैं ये कॉन्सेप्ट समझ पाया।
After reading this book, I could understand this concept./
Having read this book, I could understand this concept.

किसी काम को किये हुए (Kisi kaam ko kiye hue)

आपसे मिले हुए मुझे दो साल हो गये हैं।
It has been 2 years since I met you./
It has been 2 years having met you.

नहाये हुए मुझे एक हफ्ता हो गया है।
It has been a week since I took a bath./
It has been a week having taken a bath.

किताबें खोले हुए मुझे एक महीना हो गया है।
It has been a month now since I opened my books./
It has been a month now having opened my books.

Have को Be having में बदलना

नीचे दिये उदाहरणों के माध्यम से वीडियो में समझाया गया है।

ये कहा जाता है कि उसके पास बहुत पैसा है।
It is said that he has lots of money. /
He is said to have lots of money./
He is said to be having lots of money.

ये कहा जाता है कि उसके पास अपनी खुद की तीस कारें हैं।
It is said that he has thirty cars of his own./
He is said to have thirty cars of his own./
He is said to be having thirty cars of his own.

ये कहा जाता था कि उसके पास बहुत पैसा है।
It was said that he had lots of money. /
He was said to have lots of money./
He was said to be having lots of money.

ये कहा जाता था कि उसके पास अपनी खुद की तीस कारें हैं।
It was said that he had thirty cars of his own./
He was said to have thirty cars of his own./
He was said to be having thirty cars of his own.

ये उम्मीद की जाती है कि आपका आपकी टीम पर पूरा नियंत्रण है।
It is expected that you have full control over your team./
You are expected to have full control over your team./
You are expected to be having full control over your team./

ये उम्मीद की जाती है कि सभी विद्यार्थियों ने होमवर्क कर लिया है।
It is expected that all the students have done the homework./
All the students are expected to have done the homework./
All the students are expected to be having done the homework.

ये माना जाता है कि उसके पास बहुत पैसा है।
It is supposed that he has lots of money. /
He is supposed to have lots of money./
He is supposed to be having lots of money.

To have  को For having में बदलना

नीचे दिये उदाहरणों के माध्यम से वीडियो में समझाया गया है।

मैं खुश हूँ कि मेरे पास एक अच्छी जॉब है।
I am happy that I have a good job./
I am happy to have a good job./
I am happy for having a good job.

वो निराश है कि उसके पास एक अच्छी जॉब नहीं है।
He is disappointed that he doesn’t have a good job./
He is disappointed to not have a good job./
He is disappointed for not having a good job.

मैं भाग्यशाली हूँ कि मेरे पास आप जैसे अच्छे अध्यापक हैं।
I am lucky that I have a good teacher like you./
I am lucky to have a good teacher like you./
I am lucky for having a good teacher like you.

वो खुशनसीब है कि उसने IAS Exam पहली बार में पास कर लिया है।
He is fortunate that he has passed the IAS exam on the first attempt./
He is fortunate to have passed the IAS exam on the first attempt./
He is fortunate for having passed the IAS exam on the first attempt.

वह दुखी था कि उसने बहुत मेहनत की थी पर सब व्यर्थ हो गया।
He was sad that he had worked hard but to no avail./
He was sad to have worked hard but to no avail./
He was sad for having worked hard but to no avail.

हम खुश थे कि हमने ये सफलतापूर्वक किया था।
We were happy that we had done it successfully./
We were happy to have done it successfully./
We were happy for having done it successfully.

Been to = Gone to
Been in = Lived in

नीचे दिये उदाहरणों के माध्यम से वीडियो में समझाया गया है।

मैं दिल्ली दो बार जा चुका हूँ।
I have been to Delhi twice./
I have gone to Delhi twice.

मैं दिल्ली में पाँच साल रह चुका हूँ।
I have been in Delhi for five years./
I have lived in Delhi for five years.

वो वहाँ कई बार चला गया था।
He had been there many times./
He had gone there many times.

Having said that – लेकिन फिर भी/ इसके बावजूद

नीचे दिये उदाहरणों के माध्यम से वीडियो में समझाया गया है।

कल आपने अच्छा खेला। लेकिन फिर भी, आपका असली टैलेन्ट अभी भी बाहर आना बाकी है।
You played well yesterday. Having said that, your real talent is yet to come out.

मैं दिल्ली पाँच साल रह चुका हूँ। इसके बावजूद, मुझे रास्तों का कुछ पता नहीं है।
I have been in Delhi for five years. Having said that, I have no idea of the routes.

is/am/are = has been/have been
was/were = had been

नीचे दिये उदाहरणों के माध्यम से वीडियो में समझाया गया है।

वो घर पर है।
He is at home

वो सुबह से घर पर है।
He has been at home since morning.

वो 2 घंटे से घर पर है।
He has been at home for two hours.

हम वहाँ बैठे थे।
We were sitting there.

हम काफी देर से वहाँ बैठे थे।
We had been sitting there for a long.

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अगर आपको ये आर्टिकल (English Speaking Course Day 61) पसन्द आया हो, तो इसे अपने दोस्तों के साथ WhatsApp, Facebook आदि पर शेयर जरूर करिएगा। Thank you! – Aditya sir

2 thoughts on “Use of HAVING in English | English Speaking Course Day 61”

  1. Sir, many YouTuber are saying that I am having a laptop is a wrong sentence. Please sir I got confused. Make a video regarding this ones please I humbly request you sir, I have been following you since long.

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