Active and Passive Voice – Rules, Tricks, Charts, Exercises, Examples & PDF

Active and Passive Voice – Rules, Tricks, Charts, Exercises, Examples & PDF…

Active Voice के वाक्यों में Subject जो कि क्रिया {Verb/Action} को करता है, उसका स्थान Verb {क्रिया} से पहले आता है और जिस Object पर उस क्रिया {Verb/Action} का प्रभाव पडता है, वो Verb {क्रिया} के बाद आता है। यानि, सबसे पहले क्रिया को करने वाला Subject, उसके बाद क्रिया और उसके बाद आखिर में Object. {Subject + Verb {Action} + Object}
The subject performs the action and comes before the action; whereas, the Object receives the action and comes after the action.

Passive Voice के वाक्यों में ठीक इसका उल्टा होता है यानि सबसे पहले Object, उसके बाद क्रिया और फिर क्रिया को करने वाला Subject. जो Active Voice का Subject होता है, वो Passive Voice में सबसे आखिर में आता है, जबकि जो Active Voice का Object होता है, वो Passive Voice में सबसे पहले आता है। एक महत्वपूर्ण बात और कि Passive Voice के वाक्यों में हमेशा Verb की 3rd form का प्रयोग किया जाता है।
Passive Voice Structure: Exactly opposite to Active voice structure.

1) Passive of Tenses
2) Passive of Modal Verbs
3) Passive of LET
4) Passive of Imperative Sentences
5) Passive of Infinitives

Let’s understand the Active and Passive Voice Rules, Tricks with the help of this video…

Active and Passive Voice Chart # 1 {PASSIVE OF TENSES}

Active and Passive Voice Chart - Passive of Tenses

Active and Passive Voice Exercises

AV: He plays football. {Present Indefinite}
PV: Football is played by him.

AV: She doesn’t play cricket. {Present Indefinite}
PV: Cricket is not played by her.

AV: I play my guitar every day. {Present Indefinite}
PV: My guitar is played by me every day.

AV: Do I call you? {Present Indefinite}
PV: Are you called by me?

AV: Do I know you? {Present Indefinite}
PV: Are you known by me?

AV: Why do you eat pizza? {Present Indefinite}
PV: Why is the pizza eaten by you?

AV: Rekha was singing a song. {Past Continuous}
PV: A song was being sung by Rekha.

AV: Is Raju purchasing mobile right now? {Present Continuous}
PV: Is the mobile being purchased by Raju right now?

AV: They will inform you about it. {Future Indefinite}
PV: You will be informed about it by them.

AV: I have watched this movie. {Present Perfect}
PV: This movie has been watched by me.

AV: Have you met him? {Present Perfect}
PV: Has he been met by you?

AV: Why did he call you? {Past Indefinite}
PV: Why were you called by him?

AV: He hit the ball hard. {Past Indefinite}
PV: The ball was hit hard by him.

AV: Did he tell you something. {Past Indefinite}
PV: Were you told something by him?

Active and Passive Voice Exercise continues…

AV: What did he eat today? {Past Indefinite}
PV: What was eaten today by him?

Note: In the above sentence, since there is no direct object in the active voice, that’s the reason there can’t be any subject in its passive voice, as we know that the object in active voice becomes the subject in passive voice.

AV: How much does he love his brother? {Present Indefinite}
PV: How much is his brother loved by him?

AV: How much do you love your brother? {Present Indefinite}
PV: How much is your brother loved by you?

AV: Does anyone meet you at your home? {Present Indefinite}
PV: Are you met by anyone at your home?

AV: Rajni will have met Rashmi by the evening. {Future Perfect}
PV: Rashmi will have been met by Rajni by the evening.

AV: He will have called you tomorrow. {Future Perfect}
PV: You will have been called by him tomorrow.

AV: I didn’t do it, trust me! {Past Indefinite}
PV: It was not done by me, trust me!

AV: Is she attending the class today? {Present Continuous}
PV: Is the class being attended by her today?

AV: They will consult (with) the doctor. {Future Indefinite}
PV: The doctor will be consulted by them.

Note: Please note that in the above sentence, using “with” is optional only. You may or may not use “with”.

AV: Why have you read this book? {Present Perfect}
PV: Why has this book been read by you?

AV: I have been asking you since morning. {Present Perfect Cont.}
PV: You have been being asked by me since morning.

Active and Passive Voice Exercise continues…

AV: She had been reading that novel for months. {Past Perfect Cont.}
PV: That novel had been being read by her for months.

AV: He will be opening the door at that moment. {Future Cont.}
PV: The door will be being opened by him at that moment.

AV: He will have been watching cartoons since morning when you reach there. {Future Perfect Cont.}
PV: Cartoons will have been being watched by him since morning when you reach there.

Passive Voice of Modal Verbs

जिन भी Modal Verbs के साथ Active Voice में Verb की First form का use होता है, उन सभी के साथ Passive Voice में BE का प्रयोग होता है और जिन भी Modal Verbs के साथ Active Voice में Verb की 3rd form का use होता है, उन सभी के साथ Passive Voice में BEEN का प्रयोग होता है।
ऐसी कोई भी Modal Verb नहीं होती, जिसके साथ Verb की 2nd form का प्रयोग हो।

नीचे दिये गये Passive of Modal Verbs Chart पर नजर डालिए –

Passive of Modal Verbs

उदाहरण (Examples):

AV: Can you do it?
PV: Can it be done by you?.

AV: We couldn’t ask him.
PV: He couldn’t be asked by us.

AV: They should never blame you for this mistake.
PV: You should never be blamed by them for this mistake.

AV: He may have to read this book.
PV: This book may have to be read by him.

AV: You must attend the class.
PV: The class must be attended by you.

AV: He can drive this car.
PV: This car can be driven by him.

AV: He cannot drive this car.
PV: This car cannot be driven by him.

AV: Can he drive this car?
PV: Can this car be driven by him?

AV: We shouldn’t kill the animals.
PV: The animals shouldn’t be killed by us.

AV: He ought to help the poor.
PV: The poor ought to be helped by him.

AV: He must have passed the exam.
PV: The exam must have been passed by him.

AV: He might call you next week.
PV: You might be called by him next week.

AV: Should I start a job?
PV: Should a job be started by me?

AV: Should I have started a job?
PV: Should a job have been started by me?

Passive Voice of LET

As stated in the video, LET is used in 1) Tense sentences, 2) Modal Verb Sentences & 3) Imperative Sentences.

AV: Did you let him enter the house?
PV: Was he let enter the house by you?

AV: He must let him go to market.
PV: He must be let go to market by him.

AV: She lets me go wherever I want to.
PV: I am let go by her wherever I want to.

AV: I will not let my brother know about it.
PV: My brother will not be let know about it by me.

AV: Could you let me take this book?
PV: Could I be let take this book by you?

AV: He lets me go.
PV: I am let go by him.

AV: She doesn’t let me read the book.
PV: I am not let read the book by her.

AV: I won’t let you do it.
PV: You won’t be let do it by me.

AV: You should let him go.
PV: He should be let go by you.

AV: I can let you play.
PV: You can be let play by me.

AV: He should have let you do what you wanted to.
PV: You should have been let do by him what you wanted to.

AV: He lets me go home.
PV: I am let go home by him.

AV: She is not letting me study.
PV: I am not being let study by her.

AV: They are letting Rahul work with Ram.
PV: Rahul is being let work with Ram by them.

AV: He shouldn’t have let you play all the time.
PV: You shouldn’t have been let play all the time by him.

AV: How often do you let him go to the park?
PV: How often is he let go to the park by you?

AV: My brother never let me visit the Taj.
PV: I am never let visit the Taj by my brother.

AV: Why do you not let him come home?
PV: Why is he not let come home by you?

Passive of Imperatives & Infinitives

AV: There are two bananas to eat.
PV: There are two bananas to be eaten.

AV: I have a bill to pay.
PV: I have a bill to be paid.

AV: He has to meet me tomorrow.
PV: I have to be met by him tomorrow.

AV: They seem to ask you this question.
PV: You seem to be asked this question by them.

AV: She needs to finish the task today itself.
PV: The task needs to be finished by her today itself.

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41 thoughts on “Active and Passive Voice – Rules, Tricks, Charts, Exercises, Examples & PDF”

  1. Sir aap jo example dete hai unke answer baad me niche likha kare aap saath me answer bhi likh dete hai.saare answer ek saath niche likhe practice karne me maza ayega

  2. Sir, english translation sikhni hai, hindi to english fir usk baad english grammar achhi karni hai, govt. job Competition ki english preparation na hone se baar baar, govt. Job me safal ni ho pa raha hu, mujhe koi trick bataiye jo mai english me aap jaisa padha saku or govt job clear kr saku.


    Hi Sir,

    Please make a telegram channel of Spoken English Guru as well. Add all these charts into the telegram channel. I am an SSC Aspirant.

    Thank you so much sir.

    Deep Upreti

    1. Hy Sir, First of all I would like to thank you becoz I have been learning lot of things by you and I want to enhance my language so plez kindly suggest me what do, what not

  4. Homework- Active to Passive
    1) Can you do it?
    Answer- Are you done it?
    2) We could not ask him.
    Answer- He could not be asked by us
    3) They should never blame you for this mistake
    Answer- You should never be blamed for this mistake by them
    4) He may have to read this book
    Answer- This book may have to be read by him
    5) You must attend the class
    Answer- The class must be attended by you

  5. Hello sir
    You are very good English teacher and I likes the way you taught. I watched each and every videos when you upload on YouTube. Thank you so much sir for your sacrifice on making this types of video such a interesting lesson. Best wishes for my side for better future.
    Thank you
    Dandy Tamang

  6. Namaste Sir
    Eis lock down mai mai apni english sudar raha hun aap ki sari videos dhekh raha hun or english majboot kar rha hun aap ke bare mai mujhe mere papa ne btaya tha sir eise hi karte rahao

    1. You should start watching videos one by one….and learn it… sooner or later you will learn 👍

  7. Abhishek Kumar

    Hello sir,
    I want to give you special thanks that you makes such a good video which i have learned more fluency English.
    I will wish to God you are always making a video to empower our English learners which they can take a help to improve him self like as me.
    Thanks sir.
    Abhishek from Nagpur M.H

  8. Hello sir,
    I’m very happy sir when I saw the your videos. Please sir I requested to you keep it up the videos. I am most thanking you . I’m so thankful of yours. Because you are my best teacher of English. Which I have more fluency learned English. I wish to God you become happy in your life. You’re right person to learn more information on English language.

  9. Neelam kanaujiya

    Thanks sir but mujhe Can you do it? Iska answer passive voice Can it be done by you? Ye hoga sir ya phir jo aapne btaya hai It cannot be done by you? please reply sir

  10. Hi,
    You missed following the subject-verb agreement in various examples. He/ she – eats/ loves … and many more.

  11. Rajesh Gambhir

    Good morning sir.
    I am maths teacher, but I was watching your video to last one month.I am improved my English language by your vedio .Lot of thanks your and your vedio , your staff member, those help to making the vedio

  12. Abhilash Vishwakarma

    Thank you sir
    I am very improved that when I started all videos one by one thank you sir Jai Hind

  13. Respected Sir,
    I am a house maker. Since 3 months I have been watching your videos lesson wise and make note every day, at present I am learning AV and PV. I was hindi medium student earlier my grammar was not good and i improved. thanks a lot Sir your videos are helping me lot.
    Yours Sincerely

  14. आप गुरु नहीं गुरुओं के गुरु महागुरु है Sir जी 🙏

  15. Ur amazng Sir… Im from Pakistan and i learnt alot from u Sir…. I have no words to admire ur so easy the things automatically learn by me…may u have much more success in every field of life..

  16. Lakhan Singh Kushwah

    I am new to this website. but at a first look I have been a big fan of you sir. thanks for all the material without cost.

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