Conditional Sentences in English Grammar

Conditional Sentences – Type 0, Type 1, Type 2 & Type 3

Conditional Sentences – Type 0, Type 1, Type 2 & Type 3…पहले ये Video देखकर Concept समझ लो, फिर Practice Video देखकर Practice करेंगे…

Conditional Sentences Type 0 (Zero Conditional)

यह उन तथ्यों को संदर्भित करता है जो आम तौर पर सच होते हैं।
It refers to the facts which are generally true.
पहचान (Identification): अगर ये हो/होता है, तो ये होता है (Agar ye ho/hota hai, to ye hota hai)
Structure: If/When + Present Simple, Present Simple
Note: Present Simple means either Present Indefinite Tense (Do/Does) or Simple Sentence in Present (Is/Am/Are/Has/Have)

अगर आप सच बोलते हैं, तो हर कोई आपकी सराहना करता है।
Agar aap sach bolate hain, to har koi aapki saraahana karata hai.
If you speak the truth, everyone appreciates you.

यदि हम 100 डिग्री से ऊपर पानी गर्म करते हैं, तो यह उबलता है।
Yadi ham 100 digree se oopar paanee garm karate hain, to yah ubalata hai.
If we heat water above 100 degrees, it boils.

यदि आप हर रोज 12 घंटे काम करते हैं, तो आप थक जाते हैं।
yadi aap har din mein 12 ghante kaam karate hain, to aap thak jaate hain.
If you work for 12 hrs every day, you get tired.

अगर मुझे ऑफिस पहुंचने में देर हो जाती है, तो मेरे बॉस मुझे सजा देते हैं।
agar mujhe ophis pahunchane mein der ho jati hai, to mere boss mujhe saja dete hain.
If I am late to reach the office, my boss punishes me.

यदि आपके पास अच्छी नौकरी हो, तो आप जीवन में सुरक्षित होते हैं।
yadi aapake paas achchhee naukaree ho, to aap jeevan mein surakshit hote hain.
If you have a good job, you are secure in life.

 Conditional Sentences Type 1

यह एक संभावित स्थिति और इसके संभावित परिणाम को संदर्भित करता है।
It refers to a possible condition and its likely/probable result.
पहचान (Identification): अगर ये हो/करें/करेंगे, तो वो होगा/हो सकता है (Agar ye ho/kare/karenge, to vo hoga/ho sakta hai)
Structure: If + Present Simple, Will/May/Might/Could

यदि आप कठिन अध्ययन करते हैं, तो आप परीक्षा पास कर लेंगे।
yadi aap kathin adhyayan karate hain, to aap pareeksha paas kar lenge.
If you study hard, you will pass the exam.

अगर मैं आपकी पार्टी में नहीं आऊँ, तो शायद वो आपका समर्थन न करे।
Agar main aapaki party mein nahin aaun, to shayad vo aapaka samarthan na kare.
If I don’t come to your party, he might not support you.

अगर आज बारिश हुई, तो वह निश्चित रूप से बैठक को रद्द कर देगा।
agar aaj baarish hui, to vah nishchit roop se baithak ko radd kar dega.
If it rains today, he will surely cancel the meeting.

अगर मेरे पास अगले साल तक ₹ 10 लाख हों, तो मैं एक कार खरीद सकता हूँ।
Agar mere paas agale saal tak ₹ 10 laakh hon, to main ek car khareed sakta hun.
If I have ₹10 lakh by next year, I may buy a car.

अगर वह आपके साथ है, तो आप दुनिया जीत सकते हैं।
agar vah aapake saath hai, to aap duniya jeet sakate hain.
If he is with you, you could win the world.

 Conditional Sentences Type 2

यह एक ऐसी स्थिति को संदर्भित करता है जो काल्पनिक है लेकिन इसका परिणाम अभी या भविष्य में होना संभव है।
It refers to a condition that is hypothetical but its result is possible/ probable to happen now or in the future.

पहचान (Identification): अगर ये होता, तो वो हो जाता/पाता (Agar ye hota, to vo ho jata/pata)
Structure: If + Past Simple, Would/Could
Note: Past Simple means either Past Indefinite Tense (Did) or Simple Sentence in Past (Was/Were/Had)

यदि मैं ऑस्ट्रेलिया में रहता, तो मैं इस्कॉन मंदिर जाता।
yadi main ostreliya mein rahata, to main iskcon mandir jaata.
If I lived in Australia, I would visit the Iskcon temple.

अगर मैं 2 करोड़ की लॉटरी जीत जाता, तो मैं मर्सिडीज S560 खरीद पाता।
Agar main 2 crore kee lottery jeet jaata, to main Mercedes S560 khareed paata.
If I won a lottery of ₹ 2 cr, I could buy Mercedes S560.  

अगर आप इंग्लिश बोलना सीख लेते, तो आपको ये नौकरी मिल जाती।
Agar aap English bolna seekh lete, to aapko ye naukri mil jaati.
If you learned to speak English, you would get this job.

अगर मैं मैनेजर होता, तो मैं इस बैठक में नहीं जाता।
Agar main manager hota, to main is baithak mein nahin jaata.
If I were the manager, I would not go to this meeting.

अगर उसके पास इतना पैसा होता तो वो दिखावा नहीं करता।
Agar uske paas itna paisa hota to vo dikhaava nahi karta.
If he had this much money, he wouldn’t show off.

Conditional Sentences Type 3

यह अतीत में होने वाली एक असंभव स्थिति को संदर्भित करता है और फिर इसके काल्पनिक परिणाम को।
It refers to an impossible situation/condition to happen in the past and its hypothetical result then.
पहचान (Identification): अगर ये (हुआ) होता, तो वो हो चुका होता/कर पाता/सकता था (Agar ye (hua) hota, to vo ho chuka hota/kar pata/sakta tha)
Structure: If + Past Perfect, Would have/Could have

अगर वह मुझे पहले ही बता देती तो मैं उसकी मदद कर (पाता) सकता था।
agar vah mujhe pahale hee bata deti to main usaki madad kar (pata) sakata tha.
If she had informed me earlier, I could have helped her. /
If she had informed me earlier, I could help her. (Exceptional case {explained below})

अगर वह 1947 में पीएम होते तो उन्होंने ये नहीं किया होता।
Agar vah 1947 mein PM hote to unhone ye nahi kiya hota.
If he had been the PM in 1947, he wouldn’t have done this.

अगर मैं उस वक्त मैनेजर होता, तो मैंने इसकी अनुमति नहीं दी होती।
Agar main us waqt manager hota, to maine iski anumati nahi di hoti.
If I had been the manager then, I wouldn’t have allowed it.

अगर मैंने उसकी तस्वीर नहीं देखी होती, तो मैं उसे कभी पहचान नहीं सकता था / पाता।
agar mainne uski tasvir nahin dekhee hoti, to main use kabhi pahachaan nahin sakata tha/paata.
If I hadn’t seen his picture, I could have never identified him. /
If I hadn’t seen his picture, I could never identify him. (Exceptional case {explained below})

Exceptional Case: You may use “Could” instead of “Could have” in Type 3 sentences; it doesn’t change the meaning at all because we already know that both of them can be interchangeably used for the past possibility cases (सकता था/पाता).

Conditional Sentences Chart

Conditional Sentences Chart

PRACTICE EXERCISE

पहले ये Video जरूर देख लो वरना नीचे दिए गए Examples को समझना मुश्किल होगा।

अंकल, अगर मैं संडे को आता तो आपसे जरूर मिलता पर छुट्टी नहीं मिल रही है। (Still possible to happen – अभी भी सम्भव है – TYPE 2)
Uncle, agar main Sunday ko aata to aapse zaroor milta par chhutti nahi mil rahi hai.
Uncle, if I came on Sunday, I would surely/definitely meet you; but I’m not getting leave.

अंकल, अगर मैं संडे को आता (आया होता) तो आपसे जरूर मिलता पर छुट्टी नहीं मिली। (Impossible to happen – बिल्कुल सम्भव नहीं है – TYPE 3)
Uncle, agar main Sunday ko aata to aapse zaroor milta par chhutti nahi mili.
Uncle, if I had come on Sunday, I would have definitely met you; but I didn’t get leave. 

अगर मुझे उसका पता मिल जाता, तो मैं उसे निमंत्रण भेज देता।
agar mujhe usaka address mil jaata, to main use invitation bhej deta.
If I found her address, I would send him an invitation. (If the event is not yet over)

If I had found her address, I would have sent him an invitation. (If the event is now over)

अगर मैं प्रधानमंत्री होता, तो कल की मीटिंग में नहीं जाता। (आने वाला कल)
agar main PM hota, to kal kee meeting mein nahin jaata. (aane vaala kal)
If I were the Prime Minister, I would not attend tomorrow’s meeting.

अगर मैं प्रधानमंत्री होता, तो कल की मीटिंग में नहीं जाता। (बीता हुआ कल)
agar main PM hota, to kal kee meeting mein nahin jaata. (beeta hua kal)
If I had been the Prime Minister, I would not have attended yesterday’s meeting.

अगर आप उसे कॉल करते, तो वो आपकी मदद कर देता।
Agar aap use call karte, to vo aapki madad kar deta.
If you called him, he would help you. 

अगर आप उसे उस दिन कॉल कर देते, तो वो आपकी मदद कर देता।
Agar aap use us din call kar dete, to vo aapki madad kar deta.
If you had called him that day, he would have helped you. 

अगर उसने मेरी बात मानी होती, तो वो ये दिन नहीं देखता।
Agar usane meree baat maanee hotee, to vo ye din nahin dekhata.
If he had listened to me, he would not have seen this day.

अगर उसने मेरी बात मानी होती, तो उसे ये दिन नहीं देखना पडता।
agar usane meree baat maanee hotee, to use ye din nahin dekhana padata.
If he had listened to me, he would not have to see this day.

अगर वह मुझसे दिल्ली में मिले होते, तो मैं उन्हें इसकी जानकारी दे चुका होता।
agar vah mujhase Delhi mein mile hote, to main unhen isakee jaanakaaree de chuka hota.
If he had met me in Delhi, I would have informed him about it.

अगर आपने मुझे पहले ही बुला लिया होता, तो उसने यह गलती नहीं की होती।
agar aapane mujhe pahale hee bula liya hota, to usane yah galatee nahin kee hotee.
If you had called me beforehand, he wouldn’t have made this mistake.

 अगर आप पार्टी में आओगे, तो मैं नहीं आऊँगा।
agar aap party mein aaoge, to main nahin aaoonga.
If you come to the party, I will not. 

अगर मैंने अच्छा काम नहीं किया होता, तो मुझे प्रमोशन नहीं मिला होता।
agar mainne achchha kaam nahin kiya hota, to mujhe promotion nahin mila hota.
If I hadn’t worked well, I wouldn’t have been promoted. 

अगर मैं आया/ आऊंगा, तो आपसे जरूर मिलूंगा I
(Agar main aaya/aaunga, to aapse zaroor milunga.)
If I come, I will surely meet you.

अगर वो आया/ आएगा, तो आपसे जरूर मिलेगा।
(Agar wo aaya/aayega, to aap se zaroor milega.)
If he comes, he will surely meet you.

अगर मैं पिछले साल आया होता, तो आप से मिल लेता।
agar main pichhale saal aaya hota, to aap se mil leta.
If I had come last year, I would have met you.

अगर उसके पास बाइक होती, वो आपको घर जरूर छोड़ता।
(Agar uske paas bike hoti ,wo aapko ghar zarur chhodta.)
If he had a bike, he would definitely drop you home.

अगर रवि के पास पैसे होते, तो वो मदद कर देता।
(Agar Ravi ke paas paise hote wo madad kar deta.)
If Ravi had money, he would help.

अगर रवि के पास पैसे होते, तो वह मदद क्यों नहीं करता?
(Agar Ravi ke paas paise hote to wo madad kyun nahi karta?)
If Ravi had money, why would he not help?

अगर रवि के पास पैसे नहीं होते, वो मदद कैसे करता?
(Agar Ravi ke paas paise nahi hote wo madad kaise karta?)
If Ravi had no money, how would he help? /
If Ravi didn’t have money, how would he help?

अगर उस दिन मेरे पास कार होती, तो मैं तुम्हारे घर आ सकता था।
(Agar us din mere paas car hoti, to main tumhare ghar aa sakta tha.)
If I had a car that day, I could have come to your home.

अगर उस दिन मेरे पास कार होती, तो मैं तुम्हारे घर आ चुका होता।
(Agar us din mere pas car hoti, to main tumhare ghar aa chuka Hota.)
If I had a car that day, I would have come to your home.

अगर मैंने उसे देख लिया होता, तो उसे डांट दिया होता।
(Agar maine use dekh liya hota, To use daant diya hota.)
If I had seen him, I would have scolded him. /
Had I seen him, I would have scolded him.

अगर वो खेलेगा, तो ही मैं खेलूंगा।
(Agar vo khelega to hi mai khelunga.)
If he plays, then only I’ll.

अगर सब लोग आएंगे, तभी मैं आऊंगा।
(Agar sab log aayenge tabhi mai aaunga.)
If all people come, then only I will.

अगर आप नहीं आओगे, तो मैं भी नहीं आऊंगा।
(Agar aap nahi aaoge, to main bhi nahi aaunga.)
If you don’t come, I won’t come either.

अगर मैं वहाँ गया होता, तो उससे मिल लिया होता।
(Agar main waha gaya hota, To usse mil liya hota.)
If I had gone there, I would’ve met him. /
Had I gone there, I would’ve met him.

अगर मैं उसके घर गया होता, तो उससे बात कर चुका होता।
(Agar main uske ghar gaya hota, to usse baat kar chuka Hota.)
If I had visited his house, I would have talked to him. /
Had I visited his house, I would have talked to him.

अगर उन्हें पहले से पता हो, तो वो ऐसा क्यों करेंगे?
(Agar unhe pehle se pata ho, to vo aisa kyun karenge?)
If they already know, why will they do so?

अगर उन्हें पहले से पता होता, तो वो ऐसा क्यों करते?
(Agar unhe pehle se pata ho, to vo aisa kyun karenge?)
If they already know, why will they do so?

अगर आपने मुझे न बताया होता, तो मैं ऑफिस से निकल चुका होता।
(Agar aapne mujhse na bataya hota, to main office se nikal chuka hota.)
If you had not told me, I would have left the office. /
Had you not told me, I would have left the office.

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अगर आपको ये आर्टिकल पसन्द आया हो, तो इसे अपने दोस्तों के साथ WhatsApp, Facebook आदि पर शेयर जरूर करिएगा। आपके प्यार सहयोग के लिए बहुत-2 धन्यवाद। Thank you! – Aditya sir

32 thoughts on “Conditional Sentences – Type 0, Type 1, Type 2 & Type 3”

      1. If you work hard ,you will get success.
        If I were pm of India , people could get education.
        If you hurt her, she might leave you .
        If i had got inspired, i would have become a independent lady

      1. Aditya sir, thanku for spoken English guru learning..and also one request you to prepare competitive exams bits
        related topics…thanku sir

      2. Have a good day sir
        Agar tumne 10 minutes pehle meri baat sun li hoti to tum ab ye cake kha rahe hote jo wo ladka kha raha h.
        How I will write this sentence.

    1. Of course dear…If you would be dedicated more then one hours for learning only english. You will get maximum output of that.
      Be positive and believe yourself.
      What you should need to know.
      Have a good day
      Go one step ahead…

  1. I learn a lot from your website sir. Why am I telling all those things. Because when I was in initial stage on that time , I don’t know anything having found your YouTube english sir.
    I felt more comfortable after find this channel.
    I have decided myself. I Will learn english speaking at the cost of any circumstances
    What I realize after sometime, I have found lot of things through this english channel and website which is very useful for my speaking journey.
    By the way, what I need , I found . after lot of endeavor.
    And nowadays where am I stand what’s level of mine. I could recognize my own potential. So that’s why I’m able to do it.
    Having said that I will work harder then the hardest everyday with dedication and determination.
    Until then I Will not stop any where in future
    till then I will reach own destination as well.
    At last , I’d like to say something about Aditya sir.
    He is good teacher. And way of teaching style is quite decent it.
    I have never seen such a teacher like him.
    He understands all viewer very well..So that’s all about him.
    I’ll obliged to you . so that you provide me such kind of facility for all of us.
    I’ll alway appreciate to you.
    My good wishes will be always there with you.
    Thanks a million core of hearts.
    Have a awesome day..
    Regards
    Deepu singh
    U.P- Gorakhpur
    Village- Dohariya Bazar.
    Mob- 9005673501.

  2. Nice lesson sir , I have watched your vedi regularly. You teach very simple way. This new topic Contional Sentence , I see first time….

    1. Rajesh Yadav

      If you work 12 hrs every day, you get tired. Sir is sentence me (tired) verb ki third form kyu use hui?plz explain

  3. Dear Sir, I have maked / formed some conditional sentences. Please check it.
    1. If I had proposed her, she would have been/become my wife.
    2. If I was there, I would meet with him.
    3. If you drive fast, you wil reach soon.
    4. If you eat chocolate this much, your tooth will deteriorate.
    5. If I had been in Delhi, I could have/ would have attended your party.
    6. If you go outside, you might affect by corona virus.

    1. Dear Sir,
      I have made some conditional sentences. Please have a look…
      1. ✔️
      2. If I were there, I could meet him.
      3. If you drove fast, you will reach soon.
      4. If you eat Chocolates so much, your teeth gets deteriorated.
      5. If I had been in Delhi, I could have attended the party.
      6. If you go outside home, you may be affected by Coronavirus.

  4. Ranjeet Ronnie

    If I had continued learning English,I would have learnt a lot and I would have been at fluency stage.

  5. Dear Aditya Sir,
    I have watched each and every single video of yours.I can say confidentely that you are a great teacher as well good human. If i had not met to you on utube channel , i would have never cleared the concept of mine in English.

  6. deepak sachdeva

    dear sir
    i have learned many things through your videos.but when i read the newspaper i am not able to understand sometime plz suggest me

  7. Sir I learnt a lot watching your videos ,provided first tricks of your to learn English I inspired a lot with that and started my journey since then and now atleast with people I could talk .thankyou so much sir I could reach hear only because of you

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