Noun

Noun (संज्ञा): Definition & Types

Noun (संज्ञा): Definition & Types…

किसी भी प्राणी, जगह या वस्तु के नाम को संज्ञा कहते हैं। 
A noun is the name of a person (creature), place, or thing.

Don’t we have questions like:
1) Police is/has or Police are/have? (Both are correct; but WHEN & HOW)
2) India is/has or India are/have? (Both are correct; but WHEN & HOW)
3) Mathematics, Physics, Air, Water, Sunlight – Which noun are they?
4) Why is the word “GRIEF” a noun but not “SAD“?
5) Why is the word “JOY” a noun but not “HAPPY“?
6) How is the word “MONEY” an uncountable noun when we all know, it can be counted?
7) How is the word “STAR” a countable noun when we all know, it can’t be counted?

Don’t worry! All these questions will be answered….

Types of Noun (संज्ञा के प्रकार)

  • Proper noun (व्यक्तिवाचक संज्ञा) – It refers to the name of a specific person, place or thing.
  • Common noun (जातिवाचक संज्ञा) – It refers to the name of a class of a person, place or thing.
  • Material noun (पदार्थवाचक संज्ञा) – It refers to the name of a material or substance.
  • Collective noun (समूह वाचक संज्ञा) – It refers to the name of a group of persons, places or things.
  • Concrete Noun (यथार्थपूर्ण संज्ञा)It refers to anything that can be experienced through any of our five senses (Sight, Hearing, Smell, Touch & Taste). In other words, it’s anything that has a physical existence.
  • Abstract noun (भाववाचक संज्ञा)It refers to anything that can’t be experienced through any of our five senses. It’s, in fact, the name of an idea, a feeling, an emotion, a quality, a concept, a state, an event, or anything at all that doesn’t have a physical existence.
  • Countable Noun (गणनीय संज्ञा)That can be counted.
  • Uncountable Noun (अगणनीय संज्ञा)That cannot be counted.
  • Gerund (क्रियावाचक संज्ञा)A verb form (Verb + ing) that acts as a noun.
  • Infinitive (क्रियार्थक संज्ञा) – A verb form (To + Verb) that acts as a noun.

VIDEO # 1

Proper noun (व्यक्तिवाचक संज्ञा) – It refers to the name of a specific person, place or thing.
Examples: Ravi, Rashmi, Tuffy, Delhi, India, Usha, Reynolds, Taj Mahal, etc.

Common noun (जातिवाचक संज्ञा) – It refers to the name of a class of a person, place or thing.
Examples: Boy, Man, Girl, Woman, Lady, Dog, Cat, Place, City, State, Country, Animal, Building, Pen, Shop, Mobile etc.

Material noun (पदार्थवाचक संज्ञा) – It refers to the name of a material or substance.
Examples: Gold, Silver, Salt, Air, Water, Stone, Sand, Sunlight, Milk, Earth, Rain, Fibre, Cement, Brick, Ghee, Cloth etc. 

Collective noun (समूह वाचक संज्ञा) – It refers to the name of a group of persons, places or things.
Examples: People, Crowd, Police, Team, Herd, State, Country, Fleet, Committee, Audience, Choir, Jury etc.

Police is/are = ? & Team is/are = ?

When the term Police is used as a unit/a department/an organization, it’s considered as a SINGULAR; whereas when it is used to refer to the individuals (members) of the department, it’s considered as a PLURAL.
The same goes for the word TEAM.

Police as a unit:
1) The police is investigating it.
2) The police has been searching that criminal for a long.
Police as Individual officers:
1) The police are patrolling in my area to maintain peach.
2) The police have enjoyed the party with their families.

Team as a unit:
1) The team is going to England next month.
2) The team has received an award for their good performance in the recent series.
Team as Individual players:
1) The team are shopping today because they want to be relaxed.
2) The team have performed exceptionally well in today’s match.

Good to know:

INDIA as a country:
1) India is the fifth-largest economy in the world.
2) India has a population of 133 crores.
INDIA as a Team:
1) India have 11 players.
2) India have won the match.

VIDEO # 2

Concrete Noun (यथार्थपूर्ण संज्ञा) is anything that exists physically. It can be experienced through any of our five senses (Sight, Hearing, Smell, Touch & Taste). And, Abstract (भाववाचक संज्ञा) refers to anything that doesn’t exist physically and hence, can’t be experienced through any of our five senses.

An abstract noun is the name of an idea (Wisdom, Knowledge, Democracy, Beliefs, Friendship, etc.) a feeling/emotion (Pain, Anger, Hate, Joy, Love, Happiness, Sadness, Confusion, etc.), a quality (Beauty, Dedication, Honesty, Patience, Trust, etc.) or anything at all that doesn’t have a physical existence.

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अगर आपको ये Article पसन्द आया हो, तो इसे अपने दोस्तों के साथ WhatsApp, Facebook आदि पर शेयर जरूर करिएगा। आपके प्यार सहयोग के लिए बहुत-2 धन्यवाद। Thank you! – Aditya sir

9 thoughts on “Noun (संज्ञा): Definition & Types”

  1. The police is investigating it.

    The police has been searching that criminal for a long.

    The police are patrolling in my area to maintain peace.

    The police have enjoyed the party with their families.

    The team is going to England next month.

    The team has received an award for their good performance in the recent series.

    The team are shopping today because they want to be relaxed.

    The team have performed exceptionally well in today’s match.

    India is the fifth largest economy in the world.

    India has a population of 133 crores.

    India have 11 players.

    India have won the match.

    Sir, I think by mistake “peace” ki spelling mein “h” ho gya hai.

    Thanks Aditya Sir..?

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  5. Rajendra kumar nagar

    Hello Dear,
    Sorry to say that I think your definition of NOUN (at the top) is incomplete because you haven’t added the detail of ABSTRACT NOUN in it . If I am right , please add it . As you have written here :
    “NOUN IS THE NAME OF PLACE , PERSON AND THING.” Maximum books consider the same . But the complete definition is as given below :
    ” NOUN IS THE NAME OF PLACE , PERSON , THING , ANIMAL AND FEELING & EMOTION ETC.”
    EXAMPLES:
    1. The COW is a useful animal. ( Here COW is a NOUN. )
    2. HONESTY is the best policy . ( Here HONESTY is a NOUN . )
    No doubt you are the best , so please don’t take it otherwise . Once again sorry for it , may be I am wrong .
    Thanks & regards.
    Your older brother,
    R.K.Nagar
    30 March 2020

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